Let me explain the Matching Headings Technique with an "interesting" exercise. I choose a topic related with "Dictionaries", which is not very popular, but this is another thing that you have to expect in your IELTS test: some topics are really boring, but you have to be prepared for that.
Reading Passage 1 has seven (A-G) paragraphs. Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below. Write the appropriate numbers (i-xi) in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.
Note: There are more headings than paragraphs so you will not use all of them. You may use any heading more than once.
List of Headings
i. Grammar is corrected
ii. New method of research
iii. Technology learns from dictionaries
iv. Non-verbal content
v. The first study of spoken language
vi. Traditional lexicographical methods
vii. Written English tells the truth
viii. New phrases enter dictionary
ix. A cooperative research project
x. Accurate word frequency counts
xi. Alternative expressions provided
OK guys, I will show how to perform 100% of the points in Matching Headings to Paragraphs questions. Just remember the name of this game: What is the best title for each paragraph?
First, you have to read the List of Heading in order to figure out what kind of article is in front of you. Then, start reading the first paragraph.
A. The compiling of dictionaries has been historically the provenance of studious professorial types - usually bespectacled - who love to pore over weighty tomes and make pronouncements on the finer nuances of meaning. They were probably good at crosswords and definitely knew a lot of words, but the image was always rather dry and dusty. The latest technology, and simple technology at that, is revolutionising the content of dictionaries and the way they are put together.
Secondly, make your own overview of the paragraph. In my case, what I understand (in simple words) is this: the task of writing dictionaries has been historically made by very studious people, but their method were very boring. Now, the technology is making big changes in this field.
TIP one: I don't know all the words in this paragraph (such as provenance, bespectacled and pore), but this does not mean that I can not understand the main idea. You have to identify the key words: compiling of dictionaries, historically, studious professorial types, dry and dusty, technology, revolutionising.
The third step is to match the paragraph (keep in mind your own overview) with each Heading.
I will show you how I do this (my thoughts are in red color)
vi Traditional lexicographical methods
The big question is HOW??? Just, analyze each heading deeply...
iii. Technology learns from dictionaries : This means that technology needs dictionaries...wait! what is that? It sounds really weird and this idea is not mentioned in the paragraph. Don' you believe me yet? The decisive reason is mentioned in the last part of the first paragraph:
The latest technology, and simple technology at that, is revolutionising the content of dictionaries and the way they are put together.
This means that technology is making big changes on dictionaries and not vice versa.
So, the answer is Heading vi: Traditional lexicographical methods
TIP two: Even though some key words are mentioned in some potential headings, this does not mean necessarily this is the right answer. In this example, the heading with the key words "technology" and "dictionaries" was not the right answer .
Well guys, I will answer all the remaining questions during the following weeks, so you can compare your answers with mine.
It is 5:30 pm here, in Brisbane and you know I am a little bit hungry...pasta or steak? Fortunately this question is easier than Matching Headings to Paragraphs questions!
Keep studying but enjoy life too. Cheers!